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What are the warning indicators my dengue an infection might turn out to be extreme?, Latest Health News

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The nation has seen greater than 16,000 instances of dengue to date this yr, and weekly cases are expected to rise.

With Singapore coming into the standard peak dengue season from June to October, The Straits Times spoke with Dr Chia Po Ying, advisor on the National Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCID), to seek out out what it’s worthwhile to learn about dengue.

Q: What are some warning indicators my dengue an infection might turn out to be extreme? Can you get dehydrated from dengue?

A: The warning indicators of extreme dengue embrace bleeding within the gums or nostril, blood in urine or stools, heavy menstrual bleeding, extreme belly ache, persistent vomiting to the purpose that the affected person can’t maintain fluids down, lethargy or change in alertness, and breathlessness.

Other issues to be careful for embrace giddiness when standing or sitting up, decreased urine output, and a poor potential to eat or drink for varied causes.

A couple of warning indicators may be detected solely by means of medical examination or blood checks corresponding to liver enlargement and a rise in blood focus.

Dengue sufferers can endure dehydration because of poor oral consumption or vomiting, or diarrhoea in some instances.

Q: Are some teams of individuals extra more likely to have extreme dengue an infection?

A: Yes.They embrace these contaminated for the second time, or who’ve co-morbidities corresponding to hypertension and diabetes.

Q: How can I inform if I’ve dengue or Covid-19 primarily based on my signs?

A: The signs of dengue embrace fever, headache, muscle and joint aches, rashes, vomiting, simple bruising, nausea and gentle bleeding from the nostril or gums.

While Covid-19 signs embrace fever and will range in severity, there are usually extra respiratory signs corresponding to shortness of breath, cough, runny nostril, sore throat and lack of odor or style.

Diagnostic checks can be found for each diseases. Dengue is confirmed by means of a blood check, whereas Covid-19 an infection may be confirmed by means of an antigen fast check or polymerase chain response check.

Q: Do seniors have totally different signs when contaminated?

A: The aged might have much less aches and pains, and will current with simply tiredness, typically accompanied with a lower in urge for food. This makes it more difficult to diagnose dengue early and to handle it effectively.

Q: When ought to I see a physician for dengue? Will I routinely be despatched to the hospital?

A: You ought to see a physician instantly when you suspect you could have dengue. This permits for early analysis, in addition to applicable monitoring and supportive care if wanted.

It is essential to seek the advice of your physician early to handle dengue signs and scale back severity of the illness. After dengue an infection is confirmed by means of a blood check, you’ll be able to then be given particular recommendation on what to be careful for.

While you’ll have to go for normal blood checks as a follow-up, you’ll not routinely be despatched to the hospital as a majority of dengue sufferers may be managed safely as outpatients.

Q: Should the general public be involved about dengue?

A: Yes. We have extreme dengue instances and dengue deaths, a few of which had been in younger adults who sought medical assist late and got here in very unwell.

Q: Is there a vaccine for dengue, and if that’s the case, who ought to get it?

A: While there could also be new vaccines permitted within the subsequent few years, Dengvaxia is presently the one dengue vaccine commercially out there on the earth, and is permitted by Singapore’s Health Sciences Authority for these aged 12 to 45.

It shouldn’t be given to these with no earlier dengue an infection, and folks might have to be screened earlier than getting their jab.

Those ought to talk about the choice of getting vaccinated with their medical doctors to see if they’re eligible and would profit from it.

Q: Is NCID trialling any medicine to deal with dengue itself, slightly than its signs?

A: There are presently no antivirals validated for the therapy of dengue. NCID is new antivirals that may goal the dengue virus itself, and can also be analyzing medicine which can probably goal extra inflammatory response and shield the guts throughout an infection.

Dengue may be transmitted from an contaminated particular person through the early stage of the sickness when the virus is current in his blood, to a mosquito, after which to a different human.

Therefore, other than lowering the severity or shortening the length of signs, antivirals might additionally probably lower the quantity of virus current in a affected person’s blood, and thus scale back the possibilities of mosquitoes selecting up the virus from the affected person and transmitting it to different individuals.

Q: In the absence of vaccines, what can we do to guard ourselves from dengue?

A: People ought to take away stagnant water from their houses utilizing the National Environment Agency’s five-step “mozzie wipeout”.

They may clear mosquito-breeding spots corresponding to roof gutters and flowerpots repeatedly, apply insect repellent, and take precautions corresponding to carrying lengthy sleeves and pants when travelling to areas the place dengue fever is frequent.


What are the warning indicators my dengue an infection might turn out to be extreme?, Latest Health News.
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